References for The Opioid Crisis and the Black/African American Population: An Urgent Issue

Bazargan, Mohsen, Sharon Cobb, Cheryl Wisseh, and Shervin Assari. 2020. “Psychotropic and Opioid-Based Medication Use among Economically Disadvantaged African-American Older Adults.” Pharmacy 8 (2): 74.
Crist, Richard C., Benjamin C. Reiner, and Wade H. Berrettini. 2019. “A Review of Opioid Addiction Genetics.” Current Opinion in Psychology 27: 31–35.
Dasgupta, Nabarun, Leo Beletsky, and Daniel Ciccarone. 2018. “Opioid Crisis: No Easy Fix to Its Social and Economic Determinants.” American Journal of Public Health 108 (2): 182–186.
Furr-Holden, Debra, Adam J. Milam, Ling Wang, and Richard Sadler. 2020. “African Americans Now Outpace Whites in Opioid-Involved Overdose Deaths: A Comparison of Temporal Trends from 1999 to 2018.” Addiction.
James, Keturah, and Ayana Jordan. 2018. “The Opioid Crisis in Black Communities.” The Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 46 (2): 404–421.
Janakiram, Chandrashekar, Natalia I. Chalmers, Paul Fontelo, Vojtech Huser, Gabriela Lopez Mitnik, Timothy J. Iafolla, Avery R. Brow, and Bruce A. Dye. 2018. “Sex and Race or Ethnicity Disparities in Opioid Prescriptions for Dental Diagnoses among Patients Receiving Medicaid.” The Journal of the American Dental Association 149 (4): 246–255.
Om, Anjali. 2018. “The Opioid Crisis in Black and White: The Role of Race in Our Nation’s Recent Drug Epidemic.” Journal of Public Health 40 (4): e614–e615.
Ostling, Peter S., Kelly S. Davidson, Best O. Anyama, Erik M. Helander, Melville Q. Wyche, and Alan D. Kaye. 2018. “America’s Opioid Epidemic: A Comprehensive Review and Look into the Rising Crisis.” Current Pain and Headache Reports 22 (5): 32.
Paice, Judith A. 2019. “Managing Pain in Patients and Survivors: Challenges within the United States Opioid Crisis.” Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network 17 (5.5): 595–598.
Rigg, Khary K., and Harvey L. Nicholson. 2019. “Prescription Opioid Misuse among African-American Adults: A Rural-Urban Comparison of Prevalence and Risk.” Drug and Alcohol Dependence 197: 191–196.
Saloner, Brendan, Emma E. McGinty, Leo Beletsky, Ricky Bluthenthal, Chris Beyrer, Michael Botticelli, and Susan G. Sherman. 2018. “A Public Health Strategy for the Opioid Crisis.” Public Health Reports 133 (1_suppl): 24S–34S.
Shihipar, Abdullah. 2019. “The Opioid Crisis Isn’t White.” The New York Times.
Stevens-Watkins, Danelle. 2020. “Opioid-Related Overdose Deaths among African Americans: Implications for Research, Practice and Policy.” Drug and Alcohol Review.